NATURAL ELECTRIC FIELDS AND ELECTROCULTURE
The following is an attempt to answer the questions. “Why do branches
never touch each other?” “How do they know where to
grow so as to avoid other branches?” The answer may be electric
fields. The accepted answer is that the direction of growth is
determined by gravity and light. I agree that this does happen
but I have a hard time understanding how gravity and light can cause the
fine structure in the placement of branches. The fact that the direction
of growth is determined by gravity and light is not enough. There
has to be something else at work here.
Lighting is not the only source of electricity
occurring in nature. There is a very small natural
electric current running from the sky to the ground.
It's magnitude is about 200 volts per meter and its current
is about 1 Pica Amp per square meter. It appears
this current is linked with lighting in that it is the return current
from the lighting storms that are more or less constantly occurring somewhere
This electric current together with storms is termed
atmospheric electricity. It appears that it changes
on a 24 hour bases and always peaks at about the same time GMT regardless
of where it is measured. The book Atmospheric Electricity
by J.Alan Chalmers describes this effect in depth.
EFFECTS OF THIS FIELD
It is possible that this field contributes to the
growth and disease resistance of plants. There
have been many experiments where this field has been modified or simulated
by various means usually with positive results. The electroculture
links at the end of this article describe various experiments that have
A NEW THEORY
While the accepted reason for the sharp needles on
cactus and other plants growing in arid conditions is to prevent
them from being eaten by animals I question this explanation.
I think there is a real possibility that all plants conduct these tiny currents
of electricity into the air. In moist conditions the evaporation of
water from the leaves of these plants may act as a method to connect these
plants to the atmospheric fields. Indeed one method of measuring these
fields is to use a water dropper to make a connection to the atmosphere.
In the case of cactus plants I think it is reasonable to suspect
that the sharp points are there to increase the electric current
between the plant and the dry desert atmosphere.
(The plant if course is very moist but this moisture is contained
inside a very tough shell to prevent evaporation. ) In support of
this I would like to point out that the plants do not need protection
from animals as there are so few animals in the desert. Also
there are many animals that have no problem eating plants with thorns.
I have observed goats eating thistle plants that were so covered in spines
you could not hold any part in your hand yet the goats devoured it with
relish. Similarly deer are known to invade rosebushes to the dismay
of many growers. Also there seems to exist a increase
in plants with spines as we move from wet areas into very dry growing conditions.
A SECOND NEW THEORY - DIRECTION OF GROWTH
I would also like to put forth the hypothesis that
plants may use this electric field to determine which direction
to grow in.
In some cases there are two identical trees growing close together.
The interesting thing is that they somehow know not to infringe on each
others space. Their branches will spread out on the side away
from the neighbor and will be restricted on the neighboring side.
It is difficult for me to assume this un-symmetrical branching is
solely due to the light the tree is exposed to. It is
not possible for the branches to have a fine structure solely by the action
of light. Indeed even in a heavily wooded forest the branches
never touch each other. One possible explanation for this
is that electrostatic fields are somehow used by the plant to determine
which direction to grow in.
Here is a picture of a tree that was planted very close to a house.
All branches developed on the left side of the tree or away from
the house. After many years the house was moved and what resulted
might be described as half a tree. The empty side now is sprouting
very small branches as it starts to
expand into space that it was unable to fill for many years.
The following picture is of a maple tree next to a cedar tree.
Here the maple tree infringes into the space of the cedar and
the cedar does not grow in the area used by the maple.
These examples point out that light is not the only thing
that determines the direction of plant growth. It may be that
an additional influence is from natural electric fields.
All of this and more has been looked at before. The sources
at the end of this article list some research in this field. The Book
offered as a free Nook download is a treasure of experiments carried
out before 1900 with results of not only increased crop yields but better
sweeter fruit. About 1930 the electroculture methods were replaced
by chemicals but now it seems chemicals have run their course and it is time
to revisit this technology.
This is a method of photography where a living object like a leaf is
placed on a photographic plate which is placed on a metal plate.
When the metal plate is connected to a source of high voltage electricity
a image is formed on the plate. This image shows a corona discharge
along the outline of the leaf. Many paranormal effects are
attributed to this process but it may be simply explained by the conductivity
of moisture in the leaf and the presence of sharp points on the edge of the
What this effect really shows is that there exists a series of sharp
points on the edge on the leaf and that these points are coupled to the
moisture within the leaf. It may be that these points are
used by the plant to conduct tiny electric currents to the atmosphere.
This effect has also been observed with coins but those used have a serrated
edges which approximates the effects of the sharp points on leaf.
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