NATURAL ELECTRIC FIELDS AND ELECTROCULTURE
The following is an attempt to answer the questions. “Why do
branches never touch each other?” “How do they
know where to grow so as to avoid other branches?” The answer
may be electric fields. The accepted answer is that the
direction of growth is determined by gravity and light. I
agree that this does happen but I have a hard time understanding how
gravity and light can cause the fine structure in the placement of
branches. The fact that the direction of growth is determined
by gravity and light is not enough. There has to be something
else at work here.
Lighting is not the only source of electricity occurring in
nature. There is a very small natural electric
current running from the sky to the ground. It's
magnitude is about 200 volts per meter and its current is
about 1 Pica Amp per square meter. It appears this
current is linked with lighting in that it is the return current
from the lighting storms that are more or less constantly occurring
somewhere on earth.
This electric current together with storms is termed atmospheric
electricity. It appears that it changes on a 24 hour
bases and always peaks at about the same time GMT regardless of
where it is measured. The book Atmospheric
Electricity by J.Alan Chalmers describes this effect in depth.
EFFECTS OF THIS FIELD
It is possible that this field contributes to the growth and disease
resistance of plants. There have been many
experiments where this field has been modified or simulated by
various means usually with positive results. The
electroculture links at the end of this article describe
various experiments that have been done.
A NEW THEORY
While the accepted reason for the sharp needles on cactus and
other plants growing in arid conditions is to prevent them from
being eaten by animals I question this explanation. I
think there is a real possibility that all plants conduct these tiny
currents of electricity into the air. In moist conditions the
evaporation of water from the leaves of these plants may act as a
method to connect these plants to the atmospheric fields.
Indeed one method of measuring these fields is to use a water
dropper to make a connection to the atmosphere.
In the case of cactus plants I think it is reasonable to suspect
that the sharp points are there to increase the electric
current between the plant and the dry desert atmosphere.
(The plant if course is very moist but this moisture is contained
inside a very tough shell to prevent evaporation. ) In
support of this I would like to point out that the plants do not
need protection from animals as there are so few animals in
the desert. Also there are many animals that have no
problem eating plants with thorns. I have observed goats
eating thistle plants that were so covered in spines you could not
hold any part in your hand yet the goats devoured it with
relish. Similarly deer are known to invade rosebushes to the
dismay of many growers. Also there seems to
exist a increase in plants with spines as we move from wet areas
into very dry growing conditions.
A SECOND NEW THEORY - DIRECTION OF GROWTH
I would also like to put forth the hypothesis that plants may use
this electric field to determine which direction to grow in.
In some cases there are two identical trees growing close
together. The interesting thing is that they somehow
know not to infringe on each others space. Their branches will
spread out on the side away from the neighbor and will be restricted
on the neighboring side. It is difficult for
me to assume this un-symmetrical branching is solely due to
the light the tree is exposed to. It is not possible for
the branches to have a fine structure solely by the action of light.
Indeed even in a heavily wooded forest the branches never
touch each other. One possible explanation for this is
that electrostatic fields are somehow used by the plant to determine
which direction to grow in.
Here is a picture of a tree that was planted very close to a house.
All branches developed on the left side of the tree or away
from the house. After many years the house was moved and what
resulted might be described as half a tree. The empty
side now is sprouting very small branches as it starts to
expand into space that it was unable to fill for many years.
The following picture is of a maple tree next to a cedar tree.
Here the maple tree infringes into the space of the cedar and
the cedar does not grow in the area used by the maple.
These examples point out that light is not the only thing
that determines the direction of plant growth. It may
be that an additional influence is from natural electric fields.
All of this and more has been looked at before. The
sources at the end of this article list some research in this field.
The Book offered as a free Nook download is a treasure
of experiments carried out before 1900 with results of not
only increased crop yields but better sweeter fruit.
About 1930 the electroculture methods were replaced by
chemicals but now it seems chemicals have run their course and it is
time to revisit this technology.
This is a method of photography where a living object like a leaf is
placed on a photographic plate which is placed on a metal plate.
When the metal plate is connected to a source of high
voltage electricity a image is formed on the plate. This image
shows a corona discharge along the outline of the leaf.
Many paranormal effects are attributed to this
process but it may be simply explained by the conductivity of
moisture in the leaf and the presence of sharp points on the edge of
What this effect really shows is that there exists a series of sharp
points on the edge on the leaf and that these points are coupled to
the moisture within the leaf. It may be that these
points are used by the plant to conduct tiny electric currents to
This effect has also been observed with coins but those used have a
serrated edges which approximates the effects of the sharp points on
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